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Thierry Breton, Commissioner for the Internal Market

An engineer by training with a degree from Supélec in computer science, Thierry Breton begins his career as an entrepreneur in the new technologies sector. In 1981, he sets up in the United States Forma Systems, a SME he heads for 5 years. At the same time, he publishes a number of science-fiction novels, including Softwar, sold at 2 million copies and translated into a dozen languages.

In France, he designs and then heads the Futuroscope, the first science and technology tourism park, between 1986 and 1990. In parallel, he is elected as regional councillor and then Vice-President of Poitou-Charentes from 1986 to 1992.

He runs a number of companies in the market for goods, as well as in the IT sector and new technologies. He is the Director of Strategy and Development, then Managing Director of Bull between 1993 and 1997. He then takes the head of Thomson Multimedia, a global electronics company. In 2002, he is appointed CEO of the multinational operator France Télécom.

In 2005, he becomes France's Minister for Economic Affairs, Finance and Industry, a position he holds until 2007.

Following his ministerial office, he teaches Governance at the Harvard Business School.

In 2009, he becomes CEO of Atos, a technology and digital services company, until 2019.

He chairs ANRT, France’s National Association for Research and Technology, until 2019. He is a member of the Technology Academy.

In 2019, he becomes European Commissioner for the Internal Market. He is in charge of industry, services, digital, defence and space, as well as tourism and audiovisual.

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