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María Reyes Maroto Illera (born 19 December 1973) is a Spanish economist and politician who is currently minister for industry, trade and tourism in the Sánchez government.

Born in Medina del Campo in the province of Valladolid, she graduated in economics from the University of Valladolid.

She has two master’s degrees, one in economics and finance from the Center for Monetary and Financial Studies and one in assessment and market access in the pharmaceutical sector from the University Carlos III of Madrid. Ms Maroto worked for the Ideas Foundation for Progress between 2011 and 2013 and has been an associate professor in the Department of Economics at the University Carlos III of Madrid.

In May 2015, she was elected deputy of the Assembly of Madrid, in which she served as socialist spokesperson in the Committee of Budgets, Economy, Finance and Employment.

Additionally, she was the secretary of sustainable development at PSOE-Madrid and Trustee of the Pablo Iglesias Foundation. In June 2018, she was appointed by prime minister Pedro Sánchez to integrate his new Council of Minister as minister for industry, trade and tourism. Felipe VI sanctioned her appointment as holder of the portfolio of industry, commerce and tourism by royal decree.

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